What Is Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy?

Finding out that you are pregnant is one of the most exciting times in life. It can also be a little scary. You might wonder how you will be as a mother or how you will handle life as a father. Then, there’s the natural worry about the birthing process. What will go wrong? How can I make sure my child is safe?

The sad truth is, not every child will be born healthy. In some cases, an act of negligence by a medical professional can lead to a birth injury that has life-long repercussions for your child.

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) occurs when the baby does not receive enough oxygen to his or her brain. This birth injury is considered a dysfunction of the brain that is caused by reduced oxygen to the brain and other organs in the body, as well as low blood flow to the vital organs of the baby. The loss of oxygen to the brain usually occurs either right before the child is born or immediately after birth, which is known as the perinatal period. It is responsible for about 23% of neonatal deaths, globally.

The symptoms of HIE

The symptoms of HIE include the following:

  • Poor muscle tone
  • Low heart rate
  • Pale color of the skin
  • No breathing or weak breathing
  • High levels of acid in the baby’s blood
  • Amniotic fluid that is meconium-stained

A baby who exhibits any of these symptoms will be administered a round of tests that will include a CT scan, ultrasound, MRI and echocardiography. The baby might also be subjected to electroencephalogram and electrocardiogram testing.

How HIE impacts the life of a baby

The impacts that HIE play on the life of a baby depends on the severity of the birth injury. If the oxygen deprivation was discovered and treated quickly and appropriately, the baby many suffer fewer complications or life-long effects. If the condition was not diagnosed and treated quickly, the child may suffer from, among other things:

  • Delays in development of motor skills
  • Epilepsy
  • Delays in neurodevelopment
  • Cognitive issues
  • Death

Doctors are unable to determine the exact severity of HIE and the impact it will have on a child until he or she is three or four years old.

What causes HIE?

There are many possible causes of HIE, all of which can occur prior to childbirth, during childbirth or after childbirth. Medical malpractice is not out of the question. If the doctor caring for the mother failed to recognize the symptoms of HIE in the child, he or she could be held liable for the birth injury. The same goes for if the mother exhibited risk factors for the child developing HIE and was not treated properly. HIE can be caused by any of the following:

  • Cardiac disease
  • Preeclampsia
  • Maternal diabetes
  • Malformations of the lung
  • Bleeding from the placenta excessively
  • An abnormal fetal position
  • Maternal blood pressure that is too low
  • Late stages of labor that are prolonged
  • Severe prematurity of the baby
  • Trauma to the skull or brain
  • Congenital brain malformations
  • Blood pressure of the baby that is very low

If your child has suffered a birth injury, such as hypoxic-ischemic, it’s important to seek legal representation as soon as possible. Call the Charlotte birth injury lawyers of Warren & Kallianos, PLLC at 704-275-5593 or complete the contact form on our website to schedule a consultation today.

 

 

Best Lawyers Top 100 Lawyers Million Dollar Advocates Super Lawyers BBB A Plus

Free Consultation

Testimonials

He’s honest and dedicated to his clients

"Chris Kallianos was my lawyer for over a year after a bad car accident. He’s honest and dedicated to his clients, and I would recommend him to anyone that needs a lawyer in the future."

Client

Warren & Kallianos
2018-10-07T23:31:05+00:00

Client

"Chris Kallianos was my lawyer for over a year after a bad car accident. He’s honest and dedicated to his clients, and I would recommend him to anyone that needs a lawyer in the future."

I recommend them to everyone.

"Great people to help me with my case, Great Lawyer and Paralegals. they always answered the phone, always had a response for my question. I recommend them to everyone. they also have someone that speaks Spanish (for my parents) I am thankful for everything and time that they give me. thank you so much, God bless."

Client

Warren & Kallianos
5.0
2018-10-07T23:27:01+00:00

Client

"Great people to help me with my case, Great Lawyer and Paralegals. they always answered the phone, always had a response for my question. I recommend them to everyone. they also have someone that speaks Spanish (for my parents) I am thankful for everything and time that they give me. thank you so much, God bless."

Not sure how we would have managed without this Law Firm

"Not sure how we would have managed without this Law Firm. They have been extremely compassionate about my husbands injury causing disability – which has been a life changing event for our family. They are always available to talk with us no matter when we call. They have kept us up to date regarding the case, which has kept us from worrying. I would recommend this Law Firm to anyone who needs legal help."

Client

Warren & Kallianos
5.0
2018-10-07T23:29:03+00:00

Client

"Not sure how we would have managed without this Law Firm. They have been extremely compassionate about my husbands injury causing disability – which has been a life changing event for our family. They are always available to talk with us no matter when we call. They have kept us up to date regarding the case, which has kept us from worrying. I would recommend this Law Firm to anyone who needs legal help."

Committed Personal Injury Attorneys

"Having worked with both Chris and Jeff, as well as their office staff, I can say with confidence that they are the most sincere, committed personal injury attorneys I have ever met. They are passionate about making sure their clients get a fair settlement, and are sympathetic to the disruption and even trauma that the whole process can create. It helps that they are a small team, and everyone knows the clients and their situations."

Client

Warren & Kallianos
5.0
2018-09-28T23:52:45+00:00

Client

"Having worked with both Chris and Jeff, as well as their office staff, I can say with confidence that they are the most sincere, committed personal injury attorneys I have ever met. They are passionate about making sure their clients get a fair settlement, and are sympathetic to the disruption and even trauma that the whole process can create. It helps that they are a small team, and everyone knows the clients and their situations."

I would highly recommend Mr. Kallianos and his staff

"Chris Kallianos has been such a blessing to our family during this trying time! He has done an excellent job in making sure we are informed of what is going on with our case. I would highly recommend Mr. Kallianos and his staff if you have a personal injury you are dealing with. We truly appreciate all of your hard work! Best lawyer around!"

Client

Warren & Kallianos
5.0
2018-10-07T23:25:16+00:00

Client

"Chris Kallianos has been such a blessing to our family during this trying time! He has done an excellent job in making sure we are informed of what is going on with our case. I would highly recommend Mr. Kallianos and his staff if you have a personal injury you are dealing with. We truly appreciate all of your hard work! Best lawyer around!"

I would definitely recommend them to any and every one!

"We were referred to Jeff Warren from another attorney and had a great experience with my son’s medical injury case/settlement, I have always been hesitant about personal injury lawsuit’s and attorneys but Jeff and his practice made the whole process easy and stress free from the beginning to the end. I would definitely recommend them to any and every one!!! We are very grateful to Jeff and his staff for all their patience and knowledge."

Client

Warren & Kallianos
5.0
2018-10-07T23:22:13+00:00

Client

"We were referred to Jeff Warren from another attorney and had a great experience with my son’s medical injury case/settlement, I have always been hesitant about personal injury lawsuit’s and attorneys but Jeff and his practice made the whole process easy and stress free from the beginning to the end. I would definitely recommend them to any and every one!!! We are very grateful to Jeff and his staff for all their patience and knowledge."
5
5
Text Us704-275-5593